par Gavin McDowell
Gavin McDowell, doctorant du Labex RESMED fera une communication lors du Xe Congrès de la EAJS.
Abstract : The death of Haman in the book of Esther has a curious exegetical afterlife. In ancient Jewish interpretation, the hanging of Haman on the gallows becomes a polemical “type” of the crucifixion of Jesus.
This identification, already explicit in Aramaic piyyutim of the 6th-7th century, is hinted at obliquely in the Pirqe de Rabbi Eliezer (8th or 9th century) : Haman’s gallows are constructed from a beam that belonged to the Temple of Solomon. Jesus was also believed to have been crucified on part of the original Temple complex, a motif that predates the Pirqe but did not become widespread in Christian literature until the Middle Ages. The implications of this apparent anti-Christian motif in the Pirqe have not yet been fully explored. I argue that the Pirqe is referring not only to the crucifixion of Jesus, but to the legend of the Wood of the Cross. It could be that the Pirqe, though Jewish, is an early written witness to one of the key legends of Latin Christianity.